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Create a custom shareable configuration

Create a custom shareable configuration

If you use webhint in multiple projects you might want to share the same configuration with all of them. An easy way to achieve this is via shareable configurations.

The webhint team currently maintains a few of these packages:

To use them you install one (or more) in your project using npmn and extend them, e.g.:

npm install `@hint/configuration-web-recommended` --save-dev

And in your .hintrc add:

    "extends": ["web-recommended"]

Shared configurations, using their package’s dependancies, are able to download all the required connectors, formatters, hints, and parsers at the same time they get installed. This way you can guarantee that all dependencies are satisfied and there are no configuration issues.

Quick example

A shareable configuration npm package contains (at least) the following:

  • package.json: All the required dependencies you want to get installed automatically for this configuration.
  • index.json: A JSON with the same format as a regular .hintrc file with the configuration to be shared.

In order for hint to find the package the name has to be:

  • @hint/configuration-NAME if it is maintained officially by the webhint team (you will not be able to publish to the @hint scope unless you have the right privileges).
  • webhint-configuration-NAME if it is not.

Imagine you want to create a configuration that focuses only on security. First you will create a new package in an empty folder:

mkdir webhint-configuration-security
cd webhint-configuration-security
npm init

Answer all the questions from the wizard making sure to:

  • Set index.json as the entry point.
  • Set the package name to webhint-configuration-security.

Once this is done, add all the security hints you are interested in:

npm install --save @hint/disown-opener @hint/https-only @hint/no-disallowed-headers ...

Do not forget to add a connector and a formatter. jsdom and html are the examples in this case:

npm install --save @hint/connector-jsdom @hint/formatter-html

Finally, create a new index.json in the root of the project with a content similar to:

    "connector": "jsdom",
    "formatters": ["html"],
    "hints": {
        "disown-opener": "error",
        "https-only": "error",
        "no-disallowed-headers": "error",

The package should be ready for publishing now and you can do it via npm publish. There is more detailed information about this command in npm’s publish documentation.

To consume it you install it as follows in all the projects you want to use it:

npm install webhint-configuration-security

And create a .hintrc file in each one with this:

    "extends": ["security"]